Tuesday, July 3, 2012

African Fish Eagle

The Life of Animals | African Fish Eagle | African Fish Eagle is a species placed in genus Haliaeetus (sea eagles). The African Fish Eagle closest relative appears to be critically endangered Madagascar Fish Eagle (H. vociferoides). As the pairs of sea eagles of all species, is composed of a white-headed species (African Fish Eagle) and a tan head. The scientific name is derived from Haliaeetus, New Latin for "sea eagle" (from ancient greek haliaetos), and vocifer genus name is derived from the original, so called by the French naturalist François Levaillant, which he called "the pure." African Fish Eagle is a large bird, and the female, 3.2-3.6 kg (7-8 lb) is larger than the males, at 2-2.5 kg (4.4 to 5.5 kg). Males have a wingspan of about 2 meters (6 feet), while females have a wingspan of 2.4 meters (8 feet).

Adults are very distinctive in appearance, with a mostly brown body and large, powerful, black wings. The eyes are dark brown. The feet have rough soles and are equipped with powerful claws to allow the eagle to grasp the slippery aquatic prey. Although this species subsists primarily on fish and  opportunistic and can take a wider variety of prey, waterfowl. The call, when more acute given by men, is a WEEE Hyo-Hyo-ah-ah-or HEEE heeah heeah. As the name suggests, African fish eagles are indigenous to sub-Saharan Africa, ranging over most of continental Africa south of the Sahara Desert.

African Fish Eagle is assumed to occur in many places around the Lake Victoria and other lakes that are located in central Africa, particularly in the Rift Valley lakes. African Fish Eagle is a generalist species, which requires only the open water with prey and a fairly good pole. African Fish Eagle is absent arid with little surface water. breeding season of African fish eagles is during the dry season, when water level is low. African fish eagles are believed to be monogamous Incubation lasts 42-45 days before hatching chicks.

African Fish Eagle feeds mainly on fish, which, to locate potential prey from a perch in a tree, will be descending on its prey and breaking of the waters, with its large claws claws. The eagle will then fly to his perch to eat the fish. Like other sea eagles, African Fish Eagle has structures called tiptoed spiricules to capture fish and other slippery prey. If the African fish eagle catching a fish over 1.8 kg (4 pounds), it will be too heavy to allow the eagle to get a lift, so that the fish rather than slipping on the surface of the water to reach the shore.  African Fish Eagle is known to steal other bird species (such as Goliath herons) capture. From time to time may also remove mammalian prey as badgers and monkeys.

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