Friday, October 19, 2012

Sumatran Orangutan


The Life of Animals | Sumatran Orangutan | The Sumatran orangutan (4.6 feet) grows to about 1.4 meters tall and 90 kg (200 pounds) for men. Females are smaller, on average 90 cm (3.0 ft) and 45 kg (99 pounds). Compared to the case of Borneo, Sumatra orangutans faces are thinner and longer, your hair is more the color of red light with orangutans in Borneo Sumatran orangutan comparison tend more frugivorous and especially insects. Favorite fruits are figs and jackfruit. They also eat bird eggs and small vertebrates. Sumatran Orangutans spend far less time feeding on the inner bark of trees. Sumatran orangutans have been observed in nature Balimbing Suaq marshes with tools. An orangutan break a road about a meter long, breaking branches and turmoil to an end. Inside are seeds that orangutans eat you, but they are fiberglass as the hairs that are painful when surrounded eaten. An orangutan eating Neesia select a five-inch stick, remove the peel, then carefully collect the hairs with it.

The Sumatran orangutan is also arboreal than its cousin in Borneo, what could the presence of large predators, such as the Sumatran tiger. The Sumatran orangutan is more social than its counterpart in Borneo. For groups of orangutans gather to feed on the mass of fruiting bodies in the image. Mature males prefer to mate. Sumatran orangutans men sometimes., A delay of several years in the development of secondary sexual characteristics, such as cheeks and droopy muscle mass The average Sumatran orangutan births is 9.3 years - the longest reported in great apes, including orangutans of Borneo. Infant orangutans stay with their mother for up to three years.

The Sumatran orangutan is endemic to the island of Sumatra and is mainly restricted to the north of the island. In the wild, orangutans of Sumatra survive in Aceh (NAD), the northern tip of Sumatra. A 2004 survey estimated that about 7,300 Sumatran orangutans still live in the wild. A breeding program was successfully implemented in Bukit Tiga Puluh National Park in Riau and Jambi provinces. Orangutans have 48 chromosomes. The Sumatran orangutan genome was sequenced in January 2011, based on a captured woman, Susie. After humans and chimpanzees Sumatran orangutan is the third existing hominid species, whose genome sequenced.

The researchers also published less complete copies of ten, five wild orangutans of Borneo and Sumatra five. It was found that genetic diversity is lower in Borneo orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) and Sumatran (Pongo abelii), despite the fact that the orangutans of Borneo is home to many Sumatra in the six or seven times.

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